Corrupt Babus from the Stone Age are Impeding Better Transport

Many ‘futurists’ and a significant number of urban local government officials and policymakers I’ve met and/or interacted with hold the following view – ‘Internet, faster communication and changing social attitudes will soon make large urban agglomerations i.e cities in the form of cities irrelevant. We will be participants in an era of small, compact cities with innovators, job creators and seekers moving to such cities from megacities to make their fortunes’.

This view is often represented as a fact in many conferences, seminars and ‘talks’ by organized by the intelligentsia which in turn has transformed the view into conventional wisdom. They are wrong. The internet or any other faster means of communication (except  teleporting perhaps’ will never be able to match  This view combined with the very Indian tendency to ‘equalize’ development of different regions has led to some perverse policy prescriptions but that is a matter for another day. In this post, I will discuss a little on why the ‘compact future city’ view is incorrect and touch upon what we need to improve transportation outcomes..

In his book- The Rise and Fall of Nations, Ruchir Sharma writes:

‘In recent years it became fashionable to argue that location no longer matters, because the internet makes it possible to provide services from anywhere. But physical goods still make up the bulk of global trade flows, and location still matters for companies that want to be close to their customers and suppliers.’

Some of you may argue that physical goods will not constitute a majority of trade flows in the near future where trade will mostly constitute IT based service sector transactions; and that’s when we will see intelligent people leaving cities along with their businesses for small towns. You would then be wrong. Again. Later in the book, Ruchir Sharma writes this:

‘Today the internet is making geography irrelevant neither for manufacturing industries nor for service industries. People still meet face to face in order to manage and build service companies that provide everything from internet search engines to cargo logistics, and new companies in these industries typically set up in the same town to tap the same expert talent pool. The result is the rise of cities with a cluster of companies and talent in a specific service niche.’
‘In South Korea, Busan continues to thrive as the nation’s leading port and as a regional hub for logistics service companies. In the Philippines, Manila has been rising for some time as as a major global provider of back office services, and now that business is spilling over to its satellite cities, including Quezon and Caloocan. Dubai continues to build on its dual role as a major port moving oil and other goods and as a service hub for the Middle East.’

To the above list, I would add- Bangalore continues to thrive as India’s leading education hub and as a hub for R&D, IT-BPO companies; Mumbai continues to thrive as the city whose professionals arrange financing for mega projects across India and Kolkata for producing intellectuals who fill our history textbooks with crap.

In short, cities will NOT become small. Businesses and intelligent people will NOT move to compact cities. Most of India’s megacities will keep getting bigger. (I’m not saying that there is no future for second cities and therefore we should ignore them. They are a very integral part of the modern economy and need to be accorded that status. That discussion is for another post). Our planners and urban administrators need to imbibe this very basic fact when they are managing our cities. In my opinion, amongst these planners and urban administrators, the ones that need to learn this lesson the most are – public transport officials.

A few months ago, St Srikanth of Depot (Srikanth) and I had a chance to interact with officials of BMRCL (Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited) and BMTC (Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation). Almost every second conversation we had with a management level employee revealed their deep discomfort about private operated public transport facilities. Before these conversations, I admit to having hoped that public transport officials would recognize that government ownership of public transport infrastructure and the legal monopoly over these operations would increasingly lead to very bad transportation outcomes. Those hopes were dashed after the above mentioned conversation. I realized that these buggers are going to sit on their arses, wait for their retirement and meanwhile prevent and/or harass tech enabled transportation systems like Uber, Ola and ZipGo and oppose private entry into the business in the traditional forms.

Before continuing that rant, I will emphasise the need for an efficient public transportation system in every city. As mentioned before, every city is essentially a concentrated labor market. Businesses – low tech, high tech, service sector, manufacturing like to set themselves up in cities as these cities offer them access to a large pool of labor in short distance. This in combination with the fact that most of their suppliers and customers too do the same lead to something known as agglomeration benefits. All the above depends upon the efficiency of the transportation system and the density of urban living. The higher the efficiency of transportation networks and the density of urban living, the greater the agglomeration benefits and therefore higher incomes.

Let me illustrate this with an example from our National Capital Region. Say Srikanth decides to shift from Bengaluru [He is desperate to] to the wretched hellhole that is NCR and rents a place in Dharuhera (About 45kms from Gurugram). He is forced to rent here because he has a taste for luxury and but his bank account isn’t all that good enough to enable him to live in Gurugram. It takes about an hour to travel between Gurugram and Dharuhera as he travels through public transport, Uber and Ola aren’t available in Dharuhera and the nearest metro is HUDA city center which is about 40kms away.  What are the chances of him accepting a job paying ₹60k per month near Rajiv Chowk i.e. Connaught Place, New Delhi over a job paying ₹55k in Gurugram ? (It takes about 2.5 hrs to travel from Dharuhera to Connaught Place). Very low. He most probably will take the ₹55k job as it saves him 3 hours of travelling everyday. The company in Connaught Place will probably have to do with lower quality labor or increase the offer and thus incur higher labor cost.

Haryana Roadways is one of the worst state road transportation companies (SRTCs) with only about 100 buses in operation in Gurugram on about 15 routes. If one attempts to go via public transport from Dharuhera to Gurugram, he or she is forced to take the very rickety illegal buses as the Haryana Roadways buses on the route are very infrequent. The private ones that operate are harassed and sometimes seized if they use the Haryana Roadways logo to escape harassment. If private bus operators existed and the construction on the highway is completed, the route will take about half an hour. Srikanth might take up a job a little further away from Gurgaon say at Hauz Khas @ ₹58k.

Now, back to my rant on BMTC and BMRCL. The old geezers in BMTC and their parent PSU- KSRTC will NEVER give up their legal monopoly. The ones in BMRCL will take another 10 years to realize that Majestic and MG Road no longer are the locus of business activity in Bengaluru city and that the locus has shifted to suburbs like Whitefield and Sarjapur. If Karnataka and other states stop harassing tech based taxi and bus aggregators like Ola, Uber, ZipGo and ends the legal monopoly of SRTCs and their subsidiaries, the transportation outcomes in our cities will vastly improve and believe me and the years of Urban Economics research- the resultant increase in agglomeration benefits will make everyone richer off.

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This article was later republished on Swarajya.

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Author: Shreyas Bhardwaj

Shreyas Bharadwaj is neither a nomad nor an aficionado of the latest fad. He is a devout Hindu interested in Urban Economics

34 thoughts on “Corrupt Babus from the Stone Age are Impeding Better Transport”

  1. It’s interesting you mentioned Kolkata gives us intellectuals who fill our history books.But history good or bad is a great teacher.I really enjoyed your breakdown of travel time ,salary,convenience of travel with choice of relocation.
    New job for me is always about less travel,more perks+salary+convenience of travel.
    Better public transportation is a must for development. A very insightful piece.Looking forward to such analytical view of other important urban problems.

  2. Very apt on the transportation and it is not only about Bengaluru or Delhi/NCR, problem is almost the same. I found Mumbai a better place when it comes to transportation.

  3. I am quite a nomad and truly hang on to doing things faster through internet if an option is available, Shreyas kudos to you to bring forth the topic but this is largely India based, India is a late adopter and public sector even more so your examples quite make sense. Nice article there!

  4. Wow..so many points covered around the problem of transportation. and I completely agree with Bangalore transportation problem. 🙁 Only if ranting helps ..there wouldn’t be any problems.

  5. I think in India we always seem to be blaming the government and its functioning because it is easy and no one s going to be offended. what we as citizens have done to change this situation. Have we ever thought that government property as our property. why only ask when we do not do anything as a citizen.

  6. I agree with the points put out about Bangalore. And also , I admire that in Tamil Nadu the fare of bus is economical. And yeah, Haryana. Terrible!

    1. I wouldn’t say that. TN fares are not really economical. They’ve ruined the people by making them used to cheap things and not paying the full price. Fares were hiked in 2002 and then in 2011. In 2010, I paid ₹60 for a Volvo ride that was around 80km. Fares need to be rational, otherwise the buses are going to remain as crappy as ever.

  7. I like how you have gone into details. The fares of public transport is horrible in Bangalore. Not just the Volvo buses but the normal buses are priced high and let’s not talk about auto fellows at all! They are living in their own universe.

  8. Of all the roadways I have observed, I being a Mumbaiite feel BEST is the best! In the south the interstate buses of TN are really good and efficient. In the north, buses are a joke, and east….no clue! In these times of digital identity and cyber-developments, the basic infrastructure that is the right of every common man has fallen into a apathetic situation. Well-written post!

  9. Well if a government wants progress then it is better to give importance to the transportation sector as well. I’ve been in Bangalore for over a year now and the first word that comes to my mind when I think about it is traffic!
    And yes, nice article.

  10. The proposal during the reorganization of State that Davanagere was ideally suited to be the capital of the new Karnataka by my Grand Father (then Revenue Commissioner and Diwan in waiting) was scuppered because the ruling rascals of that day as of today preferred low hanging fruit and other people’s money and effort rather actually doing anything. So much easier to change a few statues and change a few names than to actually create.

    Karrinayithikka’s biggest land grabbers are the Politician-Judge-Police-Bureaucrat-Journalist-Crony Kleptocracy and the Government. But they are immune.

    Bangalore’s original name is Kalyanipuri. The word “Kalyani” is a pun. It refers to both Draupadi, the patron Godess of Bangalore for whom the Karaga is conducted every year at the Yudihisthira Temple (Dharmarayana Gudi) and to man made common wealth water bodies. Kalyanipuri was an enormous expanse, far beyond Kempe Gowda’s four watch towers, comrprising Kalyanis and agricultural fields watered by them. Kalyanipuri was also on a key migration route for both birds and wild life. This enabled a temperate weather throughout the year in tandem with the abundant forest cover.

    Where have all the tanks gone? Gone to Government and Kleptocrats, every one. But India’s Kleptocrats are like Front De Beouf, The Sherriff of Nottingham and King Henry as behooves the inheritors of the British Mantle, having set aside the Maharajas and Brahmins who protected and cared for the people.

    So, what do the Kleptocrats do? Go for the poor, the weak and the helpless. The low hanging fruit.

    In 1973, we of the Gandhi Bazaar Somari Katte led by “Bod” Sundrama of Zoom Photographics had preseted a comprehensive plan with techno-commerical feasibility for a circular mono rail around Bangalore with spokes to main commercial centers such as Shivajinagar, Krishnarajaendra (City) Market, Jayachamarajendra (Gandhi) Bazaar and Jayachamarajendra (Jaya) Nagar 4th Block.

    The main reason this was shot down was the main reason why Bangalore never had a good public transport system.

    The autorikshaws were owned and operated, benami, by the IPS, IAS, MLA and Judiciary to launder their bribe money and generate cash for their nefarious vices and purposes. A good public trasnport system threatened their means of real income.

  11. Corruption in our country is deep-rooted, I do hope your posts can raise an awareness around it. Can’t believe you have an entire blog dedicated Best buses and life around it. Cool concept.

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